The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 was signed into law on July 26, 1990 by President George H. W. Bush. The ADA is a wide-ranging civil rights law that prohibits, under certain circumstances, discrimination based on disability. It affords similar protections against discrimination to Americans with disabilities as the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which made discrimination based on race, religion, sex, national origin and other characteristics illegal and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, which ensures that no qualified individuals with disabilities are discriminated against under any program or activity receiving federal financial assistance or government agencies that receive federal financial assistance. The ADA was amended when President George W. Bush signed into law the ADA Amendments Act of 2008 (ADAAA) on September 25, 2008. The ADAAA gives broader protections for disabled workers and includes a list of impairments to major life activities.
The main sections of ADA include: Title I – Employment; Title II – Nondiscrimination on the Basis of Disability in State and Local Government Services; Title III – Nondiscrimination on the Basis of Disability by Accommodations and in Commercial Facilities; Title IV – Telecommunications; and Title V – Miscellaneous Provisions.